The world is running out of antibiotics

Without antibiotics, modern medicine will end. For example, hip replacement surgery could become too risky because of infection. Modern cancer treatment and organ transplantation may also end (Director General World Health Organisation).

The Chief Medical Officer (UK) says that antibiotic resistance is potentially as serious as climate change and terrorism.

Antibiotic resistance is out of control and this means that antibiotics are becoming redundant

Too few new antibiotics are reaching the market to replace those which are lost.

Half of all those who die from bacterial infection in Europe each year have multi-drug resistant bacteria. The main types of resistant bacteria are in the ESKAPE group (Enterococci, Staphylococci (MRSA), Klebsiella, Acinetobacter, Pseudomonas, Enterobacteriacae). These infections present a huge social as well as financial burden on the health system. In the US two million people acquire bacterial infections in hospitals each year and 90,000 die as a result. For example, over 18,000 die from MRSA infection alone, more than those who die with HIV/Aids. Some infections, for instance those caused by Klebsiella carrying NDM-1, are virtually untreatable. At the moment, the most vulnerable are those in hospital with open wounds, invasive devices and/or weakened immune systems as they are at greater risk of contracting an infection. However, one day even a graze on the knee could be fatal (Chief Medical Officer UK).